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Sources for Researchers

The following is a bibliography of resources that were used during the writing of "Queen of the Okefenokee," the biography of Lydia Smith Stone Crews, by Lois Barefoot Mays and Richard Mays --

Prologue

“Indians in the Okefenokee, Their History and Prehistory,”, by C.T. Trowel, p. 5, 8

Correspondence from Chris T. Trowell, August 15, 2001

Chapter One

“From Everglade to Canon with the Second Dragoons. 1836-1875,” and “Our Geoorgia-Florida Frontier: Part VI: The Seminoles: Seminole Wars to 1838,” by Albert Hazen Wright, 1945, p. 47

“Our Georgia-Florida Frontier: Part VI, The Seminoles: Seminole Wars to 1838,” by Albert Hazen Wright

The Waycross Reporter, February 2, 1889

“Cemeteries and More of Brantley County, Ga.” by Brantley County Historical Society, pp. 180, 183, 308, 310 and 316

“History of Ware County, Georgia,” revised, by Laura Singleton Walker and Marcia M. Black, p. 198, 236-8

Letter from Ralph Beasley, Oct 30, 2000

“Pioneers of Wiregrass Georgia,” by Folks Huxford, Vol. V, p. 420; Vol. VI, p. 345

“Survey of the Okefenokee Swamp, 1856-57,” 1988, p. 62

“Our Georgia-Florida Frontier: Part VI, The Seminoles: Seminole Wars to 1838,” by Albert Hazen Wright, p. 45

“Yesterday’s Reflections of Nassau County, Fla.,” by Jan H. Johannes, p. 291

Correspondence from Chris Trowell, August 8, 2001

“History of Charlton County,” by A.S. McQueen, p. 123

‘The Waycross Reporter,” Feb. 2, 1889

1850-1910 U.S. Census of Brantley, Charlton, Pierce and Ware Counties, Ga

1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1890 Census of Charlton County, GA Thick Branch District, Family 17

“South Georgia Rebels,” by Alton J. Murray, p.269

Correspondence from Ralph Beasley, January 22, 2001

Census of Ware County and Charlton County, Ga. 1880

Charlton County Herald, March 12, 1920.

 

Chapter Two

“This Hallowed Ground,” by Bruce Catton, p. 341, 362

1860 and 1870 census of Charlton County, Ga., Family No.17, Thick Branch District and Dwelling 117, Centreville District

“Georgia Historical Quarterly,” Vol. LXXXIV, No. 4, Winter 2000, “The Loanly Runagee, Draft Evaders in Confederate South Georgia,” by David Carlson

p. 613, 615

“South Georgia Rebels,” by Alton J. Murray, p 201, 269

Correspondence from Ralph Beasley, 3-29-01 and 10-13-1993

Interview with Mrs. Inez Carter Todd, October 22, 1991

“Charlton County, GA Historical Notes 1972,” p. 94. 254, 263

Valdosta Georgia Times, April 2, 1881

“A South Georgia New Woman,,,,,,” Savannah Morning News, November 26, 1895

“S.F. Kennison Gives History of 250 year Old Pine Log,” Charlton County Herald, October 19, 1967

“Suwannee Canal Co. in the Okefenokee Swamp,” by C.T. Trowell, p. 49

Criminal Recds., 1884, Superior Court of Charlton County, Ga

“Pioneers of Wiregrass Georgia,” Vol. III, p. 225.

Atlanta Constitution, March 8, 1884.

“Georgia Historical Quarterly,” Vol. LXXXIV, No. 4, Winter 2000. “The Loanly Runagee; Draft Evaders in Confederate South Georgia,” By Daavid Carlson P. 603

“Exploring the Okefenokee,” by C.T. Trowell, Valdosta Daily Times, Dec 20, 1884, p. 604-5

 

Chapter Three

“Mortgage Book G,” p. 236, Charlton County, Ga. Clerk Superior Court

“Mark and Brand Book One,” p. 76, Office of Charlton County, Ga. Probate Judge

“Book One, Section Foreman J.M. Wildes,” 1904 Archives of Charlton County Historical Society

Waycross Reporter, February 2, 1889

Interview, Billy Robinson

Interview, Pearce Stapleton, November 8, 1995

Correspondence with Chris Trowell, Nov. 20, 2001

Waycross Reporter August 3, 1889

“Deed Book E,” p. 154, Charlton County Clerk of Superior Court

Certificate of Clerk Superior Court, Charlton County, 6-20-1882, county official’s address was Folkstown

“Settlers of the Okefenokee,” by Lois B. Mays, pp. 129, 181.

“The Suwanee Canal Company In the Okefenokee Swamp,” By C.T. Trowell. pp. 10-12

Savannah Morning News, Nov.26, 1895

Savannah Morning News, May 19, 1900

“Mortgage Book G,” p. 236, Charlton County, Ga. Clerk Superior Court

Cemeteries and More of Brantley County, Ga. p. 310

1900 Pierce County U.S. Census, transcribed by Randall M. Walker, Jr., p. 26

Correspondence from Chris Trowell, January 31, 2001

“Entrepreneur Spirit Magazine,” March 1974

“Charlton County, Georgia Historical Notes 1972,” p. 262

 

Chapter Four

“Cemeteries and More of Brantley County,” p. 308

“Brantley County, Ga. Cemeteries and More,” p. 316

Tax Fi Fa Record Charlton County, December 1913-January 1922

“Marriage Book,” Glynn County, Georgia Probate Judge’s office

“Married Sunday Night,” Brunswick Daily News, p. 1, April 5, 1904

“Charlton County, Ga. Historical Notes 1972,” p. 262

“Okefenokee,” by Dot Rees Gibson, p. 29

Brunswick Daily News, April 5, 1904

Indictment No. 38, p. 75-A-75-B, October 1904 Term Charlton County, Ga. Superior Court

“Minute Book D Georgia, Charlton County,” p. 74

80. 1905-1913 Civil, Charlton County, Ga. Clerk Superior Court

“R.H. Rawls v. Lydia A. Stone,” civil action, Charlton County, Ga. Clerk Superior Court, 1912

Charlton County Herald, July 4, 1912

Hannah’s Story

Civil Action filed Sept. 12, 1913, Office of Charlton County, Georgia Clerk Superior Court

“Man in the Everglades, 2000 Years of Human History in the Everglades National Park,” by Charlton Tebeau, page 38, 81-2, 88

 

Chapter Five

Interview with Eddie Edwards August 14, 1975

“Crews Family Was Last to Live on Cowhouse,” Waycross Journal-Herald, April 22, 1974

Interview with Ada Wainwright and Martha Crews

Letter to Editor from Leon M. Mizell, Florida Times-Union, 9-30-1984

“Charlton County, Ga. Historical Notes,” 1972, p. 261

Atlanta Journal, October 28, 1928

Interview with Mrs. Inez Carter Todd, October 22, 1991

Charlton County Herald, Legal Ad, August 27, 1915

“Minute Book E,” p. 38, 215, Charlton Co., Ga. Clerk Superior Court

“Deed Book U,” p 101

“Deed Book T,” P 537

“History of Charlton County, Ga.” by A. S. McQueen, p 137-8

Interview with Mrs. Essie Mae Houston Smith, August 6, 1990

MMMrs. Essie Mae H. Smith, August 6, 1990

Interview with Madison Gibson, July 1, 1987

“The Remarkable Smith Sisters, Part One,” by Kitty Martin Peterson

“Charlton County Historical Notes 1972,” p. 413

“Record of Appointments of Postmasters,” National Archives, Washington, D.C., p. 123

Interview with Joyce Howard Coleman, January 8, 1981

Atlanta Journal, October 28, 1928, p. 7

“Mortgage Book N,” Charlton County Clerk’s Office, p. 59

“Mortgage Book H,” p. 164

“Charlton County Historical Notes “ (1972) p. 18-21, 413

Interview with Oscar E. Raynor

“The Remarkable Smith Sisters, Part One,” The Advance Progress, Sept. 8, 1993

Interview with Mrs. Joyce Howard Coleman, Feb. 8, 1981.

Chapter Six

Interview with Inez Carter Todd October 22, 1991

“Okefenokee Queen Marries,” Atl. Journal, Oct. 28, 1928, p. 7

Charlton County Herald, October 16, 1913

Charlton County Herald, November 2, 1923

Charlton County Herald, March 12, 1920

Charlton County Herald, June 30, 1916

“Billys Islaaaand, an Historical Sketch,” by C.T. Trowell, p. 3, 23

“American Headlines Year by Year,” by Calvin D. Linton, Ph.D., p. 296

Charlton County Herald, September 6, 1918

Charlton County Herald, September 20, 1918

Draft Registration Card No. 302, Local Board for the County of Charlton, Folkston, Georgia, dated September 12, 1918

“History of Charlton County,” by Alex S. McQueen, pp. 138

Interview with Mrs. Inez Carter Todd December 7, 1973

Interview with Madison Gibson, July 1, 1987

Interview, Oscar E. Raynor

“The Swamp Baroness,” Entrepreneur Spirit, March 1974, P. 28

Interview with Jewell H. Roberson, October 1991

“The Remarkable Smith Sisters,” by Kitty Martin Peterson, The Advance Progress, Sept. 15, 1993

Charlton County Herald, May 1, 1913

Interview with Essie Mae H. Smith, August 6, 1990

Charlton County Voter Registration Book, 1913-1928, Archives, Charlton County Historical Society

Charlton County Herald, March 17, 1922

Interview with O.E. Raynor, undated

Cemeteries and More of Brantley County, Ga., page 316

“Charlton County Historical Notes 1972,” p. 262

 

Sarah’s Story

Naples Daily News, Saturday, January 1, 2000

“Charlton County Historical Notes 1972,” p 263

Historical Museum of Southern Florida, Miami, FL

“Giant Sisters Became a Legend in Century’s Early Days,” Miami Herald, October 13, 1968 by Nixon Smiley

Chapter Seven

Interview with Mrs. H.J. Davis

Waycross Journal Herald, 10-6-27

Charlton County Herald 10-14-27

Charlton County Herald, April 12, 19929.

Charlton County Herald, June 28, 1929

“The Remarkable Smith Sisters, Part One,” by Kitty Martin Peterson, Advance Progress, September 8, 1993

Interview with Helen Mizell Sarbacher, Sept. 27, 1989

“Okefenokee Queen Marries,” by Mary Wylie Jones, Atlanta Journal, Oct. 28, 1928

“Charlton County Courthouse Totally Destroyed,” Waycross Journal-Herald, Feb. 20, 1928

Charlton County Herald, Mar. 2, 1928

“Marriage Record Book C,” p. 437, Charlton County, Ga. Probate Judge

Atlanta Journal, Oct. 28, 1928

Charlton County Herald, Oct. 12, 1928

Correspondence with Ralph Beasley, Sept. 10, 2001

“Mrs. Lydia Crews Hears Last Call,” Waycross Journal-Herald, January 4, 1938

“The Remarkable Smith Sisters, Part One,” by Kitty Martin Peterson, The Advance Progress, Sept. 8, 1993

“Crews Family Was Last To Live On Cowhouse,” Waycross Journal-Herald, p. 17-B, April 22, 1974

“Mark Francis’ Campaign Against Tick Fever,” Progressive Farmer, November, 1999, p. 34

Minutes of the Charlton County Commissioners, Feb. 4, 1924

“Charlton County, Ga. Commissioners Minute Book, October 1918-August 1930,” p. 177

Charlton County Herald, Mar. 27, 1931

Charlton County Herald, Mar. 30, 1928

“The Suwanee Canal Company in the Okefenokee Swamp,” by C.T. Trowell, p. 68

“Lydia Stone, the Lady with a Dream,” by Nina B. Daughtry, Savannah News-Press Magazine, March 21, 1971, p. 4

“Okefenokee Queen Marries,” by Mary Wylie Jones, Atlanta Journal, Oct. 28, 1828, p. 7

Charlton County Herald, Mar. 6, 1931

“The Remarkable Smith Sisters, Part One,” by Kitty Martin Peterson, The Advance Progress, Sept. 8, 1993.

Interview with Mrs. Inez C. Todd, October 22, 1991

Chapter Eight

Indictment No. 2/11, Charlton County, Ga. Superior Court, March Term 1931

Parole, Minute Book F, page 471, Office of Clerk Superior Court, Charlton County, Ga.

Charlton County Herald, 11-3-1933

“Talmadge, A Political Legacy, a Politician’s Life,” by Herman E. Talmadge, p. 19

Chapter Nine

Charlton County Herald, Jan. 13, 1933

Charlton County Herald January 9, 1932

“TPOObjectives,” Charlton County Herald, Mar. 15, 1935

Charlton County Herald, April 26, 1935

“Indictment Record One,” p. 261, Clerk of Superior Court, Brantley Co., Ga.

Clinch County News, Nov. 14, 1946 “Rev. Lee Sweat Died on Monday”

“Kettle Creek Cemetery.” by Randall M. Walker, Jr., p. 13

“Tales of Ol Ok-fe-nok Swamp,” by J. Luther Thrift, p. 31

Correspondence with Ralph Beasley, Dec., 1994

“Mrs. Lydia Crews Brought Into the Church,” Charlton County Herald, Dec. 3, 1937

Correspondence with Ralph Beasley, Sept. 10, 2001

Correspondence with Ralph Beasley, Dec., 1994

Charlton County Herald, January 7, 1938

Charlton County Herald February 4, 1938

“Charlton County, Georgia Historical Notes,” 1972, p. 161

Waycross Journal Herald, January 4, 1938

“Aid Asked to Recover Stone Photo,” CharltonCounty Herald, July 11, 1973

“Wild Land Tax Digest,” Charlton County Georgia

Civil Case No. 27, filed 1925, Charlton County, Ga. Clerk Superior Court

“Minute Book F”, p. 334, Charlton County Clerk of Court

 

Epilogue

“The Sherpa Guide,” by Chris Trowell: “Francis Harper And The Naturalists Who Saved The Swamp,” by Pamela P. Holliday

Correspondence from Chris Trowell

“Okefinokee Album,” Harper and Presley, p. 7-8

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